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Companion Planting a Garden

We understand our impact on the world around us and how we relate to plants. We use them for shelter, building our homes, we use fruits and vegetables to give us food to nourish our bodies. Have you ever given thought to how plants relate to each other? Companion planting vegetable and plants can help your vegetable garden thrive.

Companion planting broccoli with cauliflower
What vegetables you plant together is as important as what vegetables you choose to plant to begin with. Learn about companion planting and how it can affect the outcome your harvest this year.

Different Ways Companion Planting Works

  • Companion plants help each other grow: Tall plants provide shade for plants that do not need much sunlight.
  • Companion plants use garden space efficiently:
  • Companion plants can help deter pests: Some plants like onions repel pests and insects. Other plants lure pests away from the more desirable plants.
  • Companion plants can attract beneficial insects: Some plants may attract insects that you want to stick around such as honeybees. Because of the insects, more plants are likely to be pollinated. This is also useful to beekeepers for successful honey production.

Just as with people, plants need companionship in their lives in order to grow healthy. Plants that do not have a symbiotic relationship with one another can adversely affect the other, causing some plants growth to be inhibited or both plants can attract pests and insects that are harmful to one another. For instance, it would a bad idea to plant your tomatoes next to cabbage and broccoli because your tomato plant would not be able to grow next to these two. Likewise, you should not plant tomatoes next to corn as they both attract harmful pests. On the other side of the spectrum, it is a good idea to plant your tomatoes next to carrots and asparagus. Carrot roots break up the soil around your tomatoes plants, allowing in nutrients from the air and soil. Tomatoes plants also help repel the asparagus beetle or Crioceris away from your asparagus.

VegetablesGood CompanionsBad Companions
BeansCorn, Sunflowers, Cabbage, Cucumbers, StrawberriesOnions, Garlic, Fennel
BeetsBeans, Onions, Garlic, Lettuce, Cabbage, Broccoli, Kale
Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower, KaleDill, Sage, Rosemary, Potatoes, Beets, Celery, Garlic, Onions, GeraniumsTomatoes, Poles Beans, Peppers
CarrotsLettuce, Chives, Leeks, Rosemary, Sage, PeasStrawberries, Cabbage
CornSunflowers, Beans & Legumes, Pumpkins, Squash, Cucumbers, MelonsCabbage, Tomatoes, Celery
LettuceCarrots, Radishes, Strawberries, Cucumbers, BeansCelery, Parsley
Onions and GarlicCarrots, Beets, Strawberries, Tomatoes, Lettuce, CabbagePeas, Beans, Parsley, Leeks
PeasCarrots, Turnips, Radishes, Cucumbers, Corn, BeansOnions and Garlic
PeppersTomatoes, Basil, Carrots, OnionsBeans, Kale, Cabbage, Broccoli, Cauliflower, Kale
PotatoesBeans, Corn, Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Kale, EggplantsPumpkins, Cucumbers, Squash, Melons, Sunflowers, Tomatoes
PumpkinsCorn, BeansPotatoes
SpinachStrawberries, Beans, Peas
TomatoesBasil, Oregano, Parsley, Chives, Onions, Carrots, CeleryPotatoes, Fennel, Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Kale
RadishesSquash, Eggplants, Cucumbers, Lettuce, Peas, BeansGrapes
SoybeansCorn, Snap Beans, Sunflowers
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